There is no doubt that increasing the federal cap on the PRC will be an important aspect of the success of the program. The NPS was created by the National Park Service Organic Act of 1916, which states that the fundamental objectives of national parks and monuments are to preserve their landscape, natural and historical objects and wildlife, and to leave them untouched for future generations. The law also stipulates that the regulation of parking system units must be consistent with these objectives. Although many parks contain rivers and streams with waterfront areas that clearly contain the above resources (for example. B landscape, natural objects and wild animals), the law does not explicitly refer to navigational areas. The mandate for the conservation of natural objects and wildlife therefore serves as the basis for any NPS responsibility for riparian areas. The Act also empowers the Minister of the Interior to adopt provisions deemed necessary for the operation and management of parks, including activities on or relating to waters within the national park. For each parking system unit, a general management plan is required, although the law imposes only very general rules on the content of the plan. The rights of shoreline residents are a kind of water right granted to landowners whose property is located along river waters, such as rivers or streams.
Landowners are generally allowed to use water as long as it does not harm neighbours upstream or downstream. In the event that water is a non-practicable waterway, the owner usually owns the land under water to the exact centre of the waterway. Forest Practices Acts. Forestry practices in private riparian forests are imposed by each state. Oregon passed the first private forestry legislation in 1972. Since then, 40 U.S. states and territories have implemented either mandatory forestry practices or good management practices (BMPs) (Figure 4-1). Oregon, Washington, California, Idaho, Montana, Alaska and Minnesota have established rules for forestry practices on private lands that generally indicate the latitudes of shoreline management areas (RMZ) and the amount of partial timber harvesting within the RMZ.