Peru – Water and sanitation concession contract in Tumbes – final version (July 2005). Documentation in Spanish. Public concession contract for the rehabilitation, improvement, extension, maintenance, maintenance and use of the water and sanitation infrastructure of the city of Tumbes, Peru, between the state and a private legal body. The agreement is valid for a period of 30 years (extendable, subject to revision). Maynilad was expensive, not least because it had contracted suez subsidiaries without tender. He also brought in new employees of his parent company, Benpres, who were inexperienced in the water supply, which caused tensions and reduced the motivation of established employees. Maynilad therefore invested in the development of access in the western zone, but soon found itself in financial difficulties due to its economic model and the high weight of sovereign foreign exchange debt.  It slowed down its investments and stopped paying the concession fee to the government in full in April 2001.  In order to avoid bankruptcy, the government had to provide bridge financing for Philippine public banks to MWSS. After the financial crisis, international banks were unwilling to lend to Maynilad and the owners were not willing to inject more capital.
 Design, Build and Operate (DBO) Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants Initial Selection [October 2017] Previous version: July 2017 Except in prolonged drought, the Angat Dam provides 4.1 million cubic meters of water per day for Metro Manila. The per capita water consumption at Metro Manila is about 100 litres per day.  Even if it is based on 50 per cent of water distribution losses, the Angat Dam can supply more than 20 million people, compared to a current population of 12 million. However, in the event of severe drought, water supply is not sufficient. During the 1998 drought, Metro Manila`s water supply had to be cut by 30% and the water supply for irrigation was completely reduced. :127 Since the mid-1990s, MWSS is being built of a new dam, the Laiban Dam, to supply Manila with water. In addition to the need to guard against the risk of drought, this is justified by an expected increase in per capita domestic demand and an expected increase in demand for commercial and industrial water. Civil society groups reject the dam and say it is not necessary, that it would cause social and environmental damage and that the mwSS system is “obsessed” with the dam.